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Desertification monitoring by LANDSAT TM satellite imagery.

Desertification monitoring by LANDSAT TM satellite imagery.
Guishan Cui, Woo-Kyun Lee*, Doo-Ahn Kwak, Sungho Choi, Taejin Park and Jongyeol Lee
Abstract: The desertification tendency of the Qubqi Desert in China for 10 years was investigated using vegetation and soil change indices extracted from seven LANDSAT TM images. To identify the desertification tendency, two methods were applied. In the first, the desertification extent and tendency were determined by classifying the land cover into the following four categories using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI): floating desert area, halffixed sand area, fixed sand area, and grassland. In the second, the degree of desertification was classified using the Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (MSAVI): primitive state, latent state, slight desertification, medium
desertification, and high-degree desertification. The study results demonstrated that expansion of desertification was
mostly clear in the eastern Qubqi and the neighboring farming land area.
Keywords: desertification; LANDSAT TM; monitoring; NDVI; MSAVI; remote sensing